Newton's laws by Kanada - Debunking
#1
[size=small][fon‌t=Arial]Claims are made by some(http://puratansciences.blogspot.in/2011/...o-say.html) that Newton’s laws of motion are discovered by Rishi kanada founder of Indian philosophical school of vaisheshika . Below I have analysed it and shown why it is wrong.

Summary of the claim :
SAMYOGA VIBHAAGA VEGHAANAAM KARMA SAMAANAM. [ VAISHESHIKA SUTRA -- 1.1.20]
Samyoga – Conjunction Vibhaaga – Disjunction Veghaa -- impulse creating actions Karma -- FORCE
thus..force is that which causes conjunction,disjunction or an impetus.
which implies ..... FORCE IS A PUSH OR A PULL !!
The very next defintion says...
NA DRAVYANAAM KARMA. [ VAISHESHIKA SUTRA 1.1.21]
NA - DON'T; DRAVYA - substance ; KARMA-FORCE
Do not thing the force is the body itself.It is different. (it is external that we are talking here)
Let me go back to the sixteenth postulate of the same chapter to explain further the exension of the same definition.
It says .. Here comes newton's first law...Er...KANADA's LAW !!
DRAVYASHRAYYAGUNAVAAN SAMYOGA VIBHAAGESHU AKAARANAM ITHI GUNA LAKSHANAM [ VAISHESHIKA SUTHRA 1.1.16]
Dravyashrayee-- in the body; GUNAVAAN -- attributes;SAMYOGA--CONJUNCTION;VIBHAGA-DISJUNCTION; AKARAANAM-- not the reason GUNA LAKSHANAM - charecters of attributes.
It says that conjunctions and disjunctions being caused by force, and that force is not the body itself.the body only possesses its own qualities. Thus it is implied that with only the body and its qualities(no external force), there is no change. NEWTON'S FIRST LAW !!!!
A body continues to stay stationary without an external force !!

My Reply
1) Mistranslation of the word Karma . Karma doesn’t mean force it can be loosely translated as Action or movement . But action meant not to be interpreted exactly as we use today
To quote S N Das gupta (History of Indian philosophy part 1 ch-8 pg 317)
Karma means movement ; it is the third thing which must be held to be as irreducible a reality as dravya or guna. There are five kinds of movement, (1) upward, (2) downward, (3) contraction, (4) expansion, (5} movement in general. All kinds of karmas rest on substances just as the gunas do, and cause the things to which they belong to move.

The crucial thing to note is that vaisheshika’ held that Karma (and Guna) as something part of reality a kind of ontological category. Clearly it is different from the concept of action as defined by Newton in his laws.

Again Mistranslation n of word samyoga To quote S N Das Gupta (History of Indian philosophy part 1 ch-8 pg 316)

The ninth is samyoga (connection), that entity of guna by virtue of which things appear to us as connected.

Unfortunately as i am unable to post the entire thing ere i am posting the link of my blog below very i have completed the full analysis.
.http://tasubramanya.blogspot.in/2012/11/newtons-law-by-saint-kanada-debunking.html 2. http://tasubramanya.blogspot.in/2012/11/...ng_26.html 3. http://tasubramanya.blogspot.in/2012/11/..._9451.html
But my main interest is why people believe in them ?? where a small amount of skepticism can tell u that it is false?? I think it is due to 1) wishful thinking and pseudo-nationalistic pride people derive from trying to believe that all things were created by Indians and westerners just stolen it etc. It basically comes from a inferiority complex about ourselves but i think there is no point in worrying about past but we need to think about the challenges present today. Also i am irritated by the hypocrisy of Hindutva proponents where equate everything with vedas and Hinduism. Especially in the case of Indian philosophy they are hiding the rich diversity present. In this particular case in the past they(eg Sankara and other Vedanthins ) criticized vaisheshika philosophy for being materialistic and against the vedas etc but now they are claiming it supports their assertions.
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